# Schedule for: 17w5123 - Women in Control: New Trends in Infinite Dimensions

Beginning on Sunday, July 16 and ending Friday July 21, 2017

All times in Banff, Alberta time, MDT (UTC-6).

Sunday, July 16 | |
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16:00 - 17:30 | Check-in begins at 16:00 on Sunday and is open 24 hours (Front Desk - Professional Development Centre) |

18:00 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

20:00 - 22:00 | Informal gathering (Corbett Hall Lounge (CH 2110)) |

Monday, July 17 | |
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07:00 - 08:45 |
Breakfast ↓ Breakfast is served daily between 7 and 9am in the Vistas Dining Room, the top floor of the Sally Borden Building. (Vistas Dining Room) |

08:45 - 09:00 | Introduction and Welcome by BIRS Station Manager (TCPL 201) |

09:00 - 10:00 |
Suzanne Lenhart: Application of optimal control of parabolic PDE systems in biological model ↓ First, I will present work on optimal control of parabolic PDEs applied to the ecological issue of population movement and its distribution
in reaction to resources and to competition. We present the choices of directed movement
through controlling the advective coefficients in a parabolic system, modeling two competing species.
Then, optimal control of parabolic PDEs will presented as an approximation to control agent-based models.
Besides presenting some control analysis setup, some numerical examples will be given for illustration. (TCPL 201) |

10:00 - 10:30 |
Ivonne Rivas: Controllability of the Gear-Grimshaw system in [0,L] ↓ In this talk, we consider the controllability of the Gear-Grimshaw system with different combination of the control inputs. The study is made through the duality-compactness approach together with some hidden regularity properties of the boundary terms by
extending the results of a type of Boundary-Value-Problem for the KdV equation. (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:30 |
Constanza Sánchez de la Vega: Optimal Control of 1D Non linear Schrödinger equation ↓ This talk is concerned with the optimal control of a 1D cubic nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation that describes
the propagation of optical pulses.
We consider the noise on an optical transmission systems as a control variable and study the existence of a minimum
norm control such that the pulse is degraded at the end of the transmission (integral restriction on the state).
We also give first order necessary conditions for an optimal solution. (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 12:00 |
Xiaoyu Fu: Stabilization of the damped wave equations ↓ In this talk, we will discuss decay properties of solutions to wave equations in a bounded domain with two types of dissipative mechanisms, i.e. either with a small boundary or an internal damping. When the Geometric Control Condition on the dissipative region is not satisfied, we show that sufficiently smooth solutions to the equations decay logarithmically, under sharp regularity assumptions on the coefficients, the damping and the boundary of the domain involved in the equations. (TCPL 201) |

12:00 - 13:30 | Lunch (Vistas Dining Room) |

13:30 - 14:30 |
Guided Tour of The Banff Centre ↓ Meet in the Corbett Hall Lounge for a guided tour of The Banff Centre campus. (Corbett Hall Lounge (CH 2110)) |

14:30 - 15:00 |
Group Photo ↓ Meet in foyer of TCPL to participate in the BIRS group photo. The photograph will be taken outdoors, so dress appropriately for the weather. Please don't be late, or you might not be in the official group photo! (TCPL Foyer) |

15:00 - 15:30 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

15:30 - 16:30 |
Valéria Neves Domingos Cavalcanti: Exponential stability of a transmission problem for a viscoelastic wave equation ↓ We discuss the asymptotic stability as well as the well-posedness of a transmission problem in bounded domains with dissipative internal conditions. The results presented in this talk have been obtained in collaboration with M. Cavalcanti and E. R. de Sousa Coelho. (TCPL 201) |

16:30 - 18:00 | Panel: Grant writing. (TCPL 201) |

18:00 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

Tuesday, July 18 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 10:00 |
Assia Benabdallah: New phenomena for the null controllability of parabolic systems: Minimal time and geometrical dependence ↓ One of the main goal in control theory is to drive the state of the system to a given configuration using a control that act through a source term located inside the domain or through a boundary condition.
The reference works for the control of linear parabolic problems are due to H.O.~Fattorini and D.L.~Russell in the 70's, \cite{FR1} for the one dimensional case and to A.V.~Fursikov, O.Yu.~Imanuvilov, \cite{FI} on one side and G.~Lebeau, L.~Robbiano, \cite{LR} on the other side both in the 90's for the multi-dimensional case. They established null-controllability of heat equations with distributed or boundary controls in any time and for any control domain.
The aim of this talk is to give an overview on the recent results on the controllability of parabolic {\bf{systems}}. Through simple examples, I will show that new phenomena appear as minimal time of control, dependance on the location of the control.
\subsection{Results}
In this talk, I will focus on controllability of two simple examples in order to illustrate theses unexpected behavior in control of parabolic systems.
\subsection{Boundary control for parabolic systems}
$$
\label{Pbi}
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\displaystyle \partial_t y - \left( D \partial^2_{xx} + A\right) y=0 & \hbox{in }Q=(0,\pi )\times (0,T), \\
\noalign{\smallskip}
y(0,\cdot ) = Bv, \quad y(\pi ,\cdot )=0 & \hbox{on }(0,T), \\
\noalign{\smallskip}
y(\cdot ,0)=y^{0}\ & \hbox{in }(0,\pi ),
\end{array}%
\right.
$$
where $T>0$ is a given time,
\begin{equation*}
D = \left(
\begin{array}{cc}
1 & 0 \\
0 & d
\end{array}
\right)
\ (\hbox{with }d>0), \quad A=\left(
\begin{array}{cc}
0 & 1 \\
0 & 0
\end{array}
\right) ,\quad B=\left(\begin{array}{cc}0\\1\end{array}\right)\in \mathcal M_{2,1}(\R) \end{equation*}
\begin{theorem}[F.~Ammar Khodja, A.~Benabdallah, M.~Gonz\'alez-Burgos,
L.~de Teresa, \cite{JFA}]
\vskip 0.3cm
Let $d\neq 1$
\begin{enumerate}
\item $ \forall T>0:$ Approximate controllability if and only if
$\sqrt{d}\not\in \Q $.
\item $\exists T_0=c(\Lambda)\in [0,+\infty]$ such that
\begin{enumerate}
\item The system is null controllable at time $T$ if $\sqrt{d}\not\in \Q $ and $T>T_0$.
\item Even if $\sqrt{d}\not\in \Q $, if $T |

10:00 - 10:30 |
Bianca Calsavara: Exact local controllability to trajectories for a regulatory genes network ↓ A regulatory genes network plays an important role in the whole life process, including
cellular differentiation, metabolism, cell cycle, signal transduction (i.e., when a cell
converts one type of signal or stimulus into another), etc.
In this work, it is considered a simplified biological model incorporating the genes
FlbA, FlbB, FlbC, FlbD, brlA and PkaA, which act in the cell division of some types of fungi, and
three external controls.
This model is given by a system of initial and boundary conditions
containing coupled nonlinear parabolic partial differential equations.
The main result is, under certain conditions, the exact local controllability to a constant suitable trajectory
by using less control functions than equations and these functions having arbitrarily small support.
The main difficulties of this work are to deal with the nonlinearities of the equations and
of the fact that we have less control functions than equations.
The idea to deal with this problem is: to use Kalman rank condition to obtain the exact controllability for a homogeneous linearized system;
the ideas of~\cite{CoronLissy} to obtain the exact controllability for a non-homogeneous linearized system; and
the Liusternik's Inverse Mapping Theorem to obtain the local exact controllability for the non linear system.
Work in collaboration with: Enrique Fern\'andez-Cara
and Andr\'e R. Lopes.
\begin{thebibliography}{00}
\bibitem{AmmarKhodja}
F. Ammar-Khodja, A. Benabdallah, C. Dupaix and M. Gonz\'alez-Burgos,
A Kalman rank condition for the localized distributed controllability of a class of linear parabolic systems,
{\it Journal of Evolution Equations}, volume~9 (2), 2009, pp 267-291.%DOI: 10.1007/s00028-009-0008-8.
\bibitem{CoronLissy} J. M. Coron, P. Lissy,
Local null controllability of the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes system with a distributed control having two vanishing components,
{\it Inventiones Mathematicae}, volume~198, Issue~3, pp 833-880.
\end{thebibliography} (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:30 |
Lorena Bociu: Optimization and Control in Free and Moving Boundary Fluid-Structure Interactions ↓ We consider optimization and optimal control problems subject to free and moving boundary nonlinear fluid-elasticity interactions. As the coupled fluid-structure state is the solution of a system of partial differential equations that are coupled through continuity relations on velocities and normal stress tensors, defined on the free and moving interface, the investigation (existence of optimal controls, sensitivity equations, necessary optimality conditions, etc.) is heavily dependent on the geometry of the problem, and falls into moving shape analysis framework. (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 12:00 |
Iryna Ryzhkova-Gerasymova: Uniform stability of the interactive system of full Karman equation and viscous fluid equation ↓ We study well-posedness and asymptotic dynamics of a coupled system consisting of linearized 3D Navier--Stokes equations in a bounded domain and a classical (nonlinear) full von Karman plate equations that accounts for both transversal and lateral displacements on a flexible part of the boundary. Rotational inertia of filaments of the shell is not taken into account. We also do not assume any mechanical damping acting on the palte equations.
Our main result shows well-posedness of strong solutions to the problem, thus the problem generates a semiflow in an appropriate
phase space. We also prove uniform stability of strong solutions to homogeneous problem in the norm of strong phase space. Thus, viscous energy dissipation in the fluid component is sufficient to stabilize the whole system plate+fluid. (TCPL 201) |

12:00 - 13:30 | Lunch (Vistas Dining Room) |

14:00 - 15:00 |
Francesca Bucci: On a linearization of the Jordan-Moore-Gibson-Thompson equation: optimal control and regularity ↓ The Jordan-Moore-Gibson-Thompson equation is a nonlinear Partial Differential Equation
(PDE) model which describes the acoustic velocity potential in ultrasound wave propagation;
the use of the constitutive Cattaneo law for the heat flux, in place of the Fourier law,
accounts for its being of third order in time.
Aiming at the understanding of the fully quasilinear PDE, a great deal of attention has
been recently devoted to its linearization -- referred to in the literature as the
Moore-Gibson-Thompson (MGT) equation --, whose mathematical analysis is also of independent
interest, posing already several questions and challenges.
Semigroup well-posedness, a threshold for uniform stability (depending on physical parameters), a careful spectral analysis for the MGT equation, supplemented with Dirichlet or Neumann boundary conditions, are obtained in the original papers by Kaltenbacher, Lasiecka and Marchand
(2012) and by Marchand, McDevitt and Triggiani (2011).
In this lecture we will report recently obtained results concerning (i) an appropriate
optimal control problem associated with the MGT equation, and (ii) the regularity of
solutions corresponding to non-homogeneous boundary data.
As for (i), by following a similar approach than the one used in the nineties by Lasiecka,
Lukes and Pandolfi for the strongly damped wave equation with boundary control -- that
brings about the very same pattern -- we attain a feedback synthesis of the optimal control
as well as well-posed operator Riccati equations, in spite of the unfavourable hyperbolic
character of the dynamics.
(In this connection, if useful to the audience, a brief overview of the (by now, classical)
linear-quadratic theories for single PDE of either parabolic or hyperbolic type, yet not
applicable in the present case, will be provided.)
As for (ii), the perspective of viscoelasticity -- intrinsic to the MGT equation --,
brings about a method of proof for the regularity of solutions to the MGT equation.
(The talk is based on ongoing joint work with Irena Lasiecka (University of Memphis, USA)
for the former part and with Luciano Pandolfi (Politecnico di Torino, Italy) for the latter.) (TCPL 201) |

15:00 - 15:30 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

15:30 - 17:30 | Posters (TCPL Foyer) |

18:00 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

20:00 - 22:00 | Snacks+wine: Open discussion (corbett hall lounge) |

Wednesday, July 19 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 10:00 |
Daniela Sforza: Impacts on reachability for coupled integro-differential equations ↓ The conference focuses on how coupling different evolution equations with integro-differential terms can bring about different reachability results.
The presence of integral terms, the so-called memory, is justified by the classical constitutive law introduced to yield a representation of viscoelastic materials.
Another physical property for viscoelastic materials consists in assuming that memory fades in time. For this reason in our study, we consider a class of integral kernels that satisfy the principle of fading memory.
The talk is based on findings obtained in collaboration with Paola Loreti. (TCPL 201) |

10:00 - 10:30 |
Anna Doubova: Numerical approximation of some inverse problems arising in Elastography ↓ We will deal with the numerical approximation of some geometric inverse problems for the wave and the Lam\'e equations motivated by Elastography.
We present several recent results and open questions concerning the numerical reconstruction of the unknown domain where the equations evolve. In the numerical experiments, we solve appropriate optimization problems.
Two different numerical techniques will be proposed. Firstly, the finite element method
for the numerical solution of the PDE's, that will be performed with \texttt{FreeFem++}. The routines on the \texttt{ff-NLopt} package, that provide an interface to a free/open-source library for nonlinear optimization, are also required. On the other hand, we will consider the numerical approximation based on the method of fundamental solutions. We present some numerical results in the 2D and 3D cases.
The first part is joint work with E. Fern\'andez-Cara (Dpto.\ E.D.A.N., Universidad de Sevilla, cara@us.es) and the second part is joint work with E. Fern\'andez-Cara, Jairo Rocha de Faria (Universidade Federal da Paraiba, jairo@ci.ufpb.br) y Pitágoras P. de Carvalho (Universidad Federal Fluminense (Niteroi), pitagorascarvalho@gmail.com). (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:30 |
Wandi Ding: Optimal Control applied to Elliptic and Parabolic PDEs with Biological Applications ↓ We apply the optimal control theory to Elliptic and Parabolic partial differential equations. We study the control problem of maximizing the net benefit in the conservation of a single species with a fixed amount of resources. We also consider an optimal control problem of a system of parabolic partial differential equations modeling the competition between an invasive and a native species. The existence of an optimal control is established and the uniqueness and characterization of the optimal control are investigated for both applications. Numerical simulations illustrate several cases. Some open problems are discussed. (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 13:00 | Lunch (Vistas Dining Room) |

13:30 - 17:30 | Free Afternoon (Banff National Park) |

18:00 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

Thursday, July 20 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 10:00 |
Birgit Jacob: Input to state stability of evolution equations ↓ In this talk we study the notions of input to state stability (ISS) and integral input to state stability (iISS) for boundary control systems, which are stronger notions than exponential stability of the corresponding semigroup and include stability with respect to input functions as well. It will be shown that if the semigroup is exponentially stable, then ISS is equivalent to admissibility of the input operator with respect to $L^\infty$ . Further, under the assumption of exponential stability iISS is just admissibility of the input operator with respect to an Orlicz space.
Further, we prove that for parabolic systems ISS and iISS are equivalent notions. (TCPL 201) |

10:00 - 10:30 |
Weiwei Hu: Boundary Control of Optimal Mixing in Stokes and Navier-Stokes Flows ↓ We discuss the problem of optimal mixing of an inhomogeneous distribution of a scalar field via an active control of the flow velocity, governed by Stokes or Navier-Stokes equations, in a two dimensional open bounded and connected domain. The problem is motivated by mixing the fluids within a cavity or vessel by moving the walls or stirring at the boundaries. It is natural to consider the velocity field that is induced by a control input tangentially acting on the boundary of the domain through the Navier slip boundary conditions. Our main objective is to design an optimal Navier slip boundary control that optimizes mixing at a given final time. This essentially leads to a finite time optimal control problem of a bilinear system. A rigorous proof of the existence of an optimal controller and the first-order necessary conditions for optimality are presented. (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:00 - 11:30 |
Katarzyna Szulc: Boundary control of strong solutions in fluid structure interactions arising in coupling of elasticity with Navier-Stokes equations ↓ Authors: IRENA LASIECKA, KATARZYNA SZULC, ANTONI ZOCHOWSKI
We consider a coupled system of the linearly elastic body immersed in the flowing fluid which is modeled by means of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. For this system we formulate an optimal control problem which amounts to a minimization of a hydro-elastic pressure on the interface between the two environments. The corresponding functional lacks convexity and radial coercivity. The approach taken is based on transforming the variable domain occupied by the fluid to the fixed one corresponding to the undeformed elastic inclusion. This leads to a free boundary elliptic problem. Mathematical challenge also results from the fact that the corresponding quasillinear elliptic model is equipped with mixed (Zaremba type) boundary conditions, which intrinsincly lead to compromised regularity of elliptic solutions. It is shown that under the assumption of small strains the controlled structure is wellposed in suit- able Sobolev?s spaces and the nonlinear control to state map is well defined and continuous. The obtained wellposedness result provides a foundation for proving an existence of optimal control where the latter is based on compensated compactness methods.
Acknowledgment: This research was founded by the Polish National Science Center (NCN), grant Opus. Agreement UMO-2014/15/B/ST1/00067. (TCPL 201) |

11:30 - 12:00 |
Catherine Lebiedzik: Uniform Decay Rates for a full Von Karman System of Dynamic Thermoelasticity with Free Boundary Conditions. ↓ We consider a full Von Karman system accounting for in-plane acceleration and nonlinear thermal eﬀects. Our model features free boundary conditions and an internal damping term on the in-plane displacement. We will discuss wellposedness of regular and weak solutions, and obtain uniform decay rates for the energy function. (TCPL 201) |

12:00 - 13:30 | Lunch (Vistas Dining Room) |

13:30 - 14:30 |
Jacqueline Scherpen: Singular perturbations for hyperbolic port-Hamiltonian and non-hyperbolic systems ↓ In this talk we explore the methodology of model order reduction based on singular
perturbations for a fexible-joint robot within the port-Hamiltonian framework. The model is an ode model that is obtained after discretisation.
We show that a fexible-joint robot has a port-Hamiltonian representation which is also a singularly perturbed
ordinary differential equation. Moreover, the associated reduced slow subsystem corresponds to
a port-Hamiltonian model of a rigid-joint robot. To exploit the usefulness of the reduced models,
we provide a numerical example where an existing controller for a rigid robot is implemented.
In addition, we provide ideas on how to expand this to planar slow-fast systems at a non-hyperbolic point.
At these type of points, the classical theory of singular perturbations
is not applicable and new techniques need to be
introduced in order to design a controller that stabilizes such
a point. We show for some class of nonlinear systems that using geometric desingularization (also
known as blow up), it is possible to design, in a simple way,
controllers that stabilize non-hyperbolic equilibrium points of
slow-fast systems. Furthermore, we include controller design in the development. (TCPL 201) |

14:30 - 15:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

15:00 - 16:30 | Panel: Open research problems. (TCPL 201) |

16:30 - 18:00 | Panel: balancing career/personal life and time management (TCPL 201) |

18:00 - 19:30 | Dinner (Vistas Dining Room) |

20:00 - 22:00 | snacks+wine: open discussion (Corbett Hall Lounge (CH 2110)) |

Friday, July 21 | |
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07:00 - 09:00 | Breakfast (Vistas Dining Room) |

09:00 - 10:00 |
Paola Loreti: Fourier series in control problems ↓ Given an evolutionary system on some bounded domain, we seek to drive the
system to rest by acting on the boundary. Among the different approaches
to achieve this goal, we consider here a spectral method, based on
trigonometrical inequalities. These inequalities lead to observability
estimates for the solutions of the associated systems, and then a duality
relation yields controllability results for the original problem.The
method is illustrated by applications to square and circular membranes. (TCPL 201) |

10:00 - 10:30 |
Jing Zhang: The Analyticity and Exponential Decay of a Stokes-Wave Coupling System with Viscoelastic Damping in the Variational Framework ↓ In this paper, we study a fluid-structure interaction model of Stokes-wave equation coupling
system with Kelvin-Voigt type of damping. We show that this damped coupling system generates
an analyticity semigroup and thus the semigroup solution, which also satisfies variational framework
of weak solution, decays to zero at exponential rate. (TCPL 201) |

10:30 - 11:00 | Coffee Break (TCPL Foyer) |

11:30 - 12:00 |
Checkout by Noon ↓ 5-day workshop participants are welcome to use BIRS facilities (BIRS Coffee Lounge, TCPL and Reading Room) until 3 pm on Friday, although participants are still required to checkout of the guest rooms by 12 noon. (Front Desk - Professional Development Centre) |

12:00 - 13:30 | Lunch from 11:30 to 13:30 (Vistas Dining Room) |